Resource Hub

This page provides a starting point for anyone wanting to familiarise themselves with bibliometrics. From what bibiometrics are, and where they came from, to how bibliometrics are being used in practice and the library and information science roles and competencies evolving as a consequence.

Statements of responsible metrics

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  1. Measuring Research: what everyone needs to know. Sugimoto, C. & Lariviere, V. (2018). Oxford University Press. A good introductory primer on all things bibliometrics.  See the full review on The Bibliomagician.
  2. Bibliometrics for Research Management and Research Evaluation – A Brief Introduction. In this free report, CWTS brings together essential information about the use of bibliometrics in research management and research evaluation. This report is intended for anyone with a professional interest in the application of bibliometrics in a research management and research evaluation context.
  3. Beyond Bibliometrics : Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact. Cronin, B. & Sugimoto, C. (Eds). (2014). Massaschussets, MIT Press. This book describes recent theoretical and practical advances in metrics-based research, examining a variety of alternative metrics—or “altmetrics”—while also considering the ethical and cultural consequences of relying on metrics to assess the quality of scholarship.
  4. Research assessment in the humanities: towards criteria and procedures. Ochsner, M., Hug, S. E., & Daniel, H. D. (2016). Retrieved from Open access book which analyses and discusses the recent developments for assessing research quality in the humanities and related fields in the social sciences.
  5.  Altmetrics: a practical guide for librarians, researchers and academics. Tattersall, A. (2016). London: Facet Publishing. An overview of altmetrics, its tools and how to implement them successfully to boost and measure research outputs.

Conference Series

  1. Lis-Bibliometrics Annual Event
    • An annual event set aimed for exchanging knowledge and sharing best practise amongst the community.
  2. Metadata and Semantics Research Conference. Retrieved from
    • An annual conference series bringing together scholars and practitioners with common interest in the interdisciplinary fields of metadata, data and semantics.
  3. The International Society for Informetrics and Scientometrics (ISSI):
    • ISSI is an international association of scholars and professionals active in the interdisciplinary study science of science, science communication, and science policy. This community focuses on quantitative approaches to the study of science, including informetrics, scientometrics, and webometrics.
  4. European Network of Indicator Designers (ENID):
    • The European Network of Indicator Designers (ENID) aims to facilitate and promote the cooperation between institutions and individuals actively engaged in designing, constructing, producing as well as using, and interpreting Science and Technology Indicators (S&T Indicators).
  5. Altmetrics Conference (AM):
    • An annual conference for delegates from across the scholarly ecosystem to explore ideas, hear practical case studies and participate in engaging discussions on altmetrics, scholarly communication, research impact, networks and collaboration, data science and research policy.

Discussion Lists

Lis-Bibliometrics from Set up with a particular focus on supporting library and information science workers charged with providing bibliometric services within their organisation, this discussion list now also encompasses, amongst others, staff from research and planning offices.

ARMA Metrics Special Interest Group

ARMA-SIG-METRICS@JISCMAIL.AC.UK – only accessible to members of the Association of Research Managers and Administrators. Restrieved from

The Metrics Special Interest Group (SIG) is for all those interested in how we can meaningfully measure research activities and outcomes.  That might include how we monitor compliance with the open access and research data requirements of funders, how we measure research income and PGR student activity, how we provide evidence of ‘impact’, and how we can sensibly analyse publication and citation data.

Journal Articles

  1. MacDonald, K.I., Dressler, V., 2018, Using Citation Analysis to Identify Research Fronts: A Case Study with the Internet of Things. Science and Technology Libraries, pp. 1-16. Article in Press. ABSTRACT As the traditional role of academic subject librarian evolves to that of a partner in research and innovation, citation analysis and visualization studies are emerging as a valuable contribution to the process. Bibliometrics, or citation analysis, studies quantitative aspects of published information and allows researchers to analyze the dissemination of knowledge within research areas. An increased demand for these analyses is likely, particularly in support of technology commercialization initiatives. Using readily available open access tools, the authors review current techniques for identifying emerging research fronts and illustrate the process with step-by-step methodology. Subject librarians should be able to apply this technique in any research field. For the purposes of this study, citations were examined to identify research fronts in the emerging field of the “Internet of Things” (IoT).
  2. Costas, R., Zahedi, Z. & Wouters, P., 2013. Do altmetrics correlate with citations? Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology , 2014, pp.1–30.
  3. Erikson, M.G. & Erlandson, P., 2014. A taxonomy of motives to cite. Social Studies of Science, 44, pp.625–637. Available at:
  4. Gunashekar, S. et al., 2004. Bilbliometric analysis of highly cited publications of biomedical and health research in England, 2004-2013.
  5. Hill, S., 2015. Dimensions of quality research. Available at:
  6. Jump, P., 2015. The weight of numbers. Times HIgher Education, 9 July.
  7. Kulkarni, A. V., Busse, J.W. & Shams, I., 2007. Characteristics associated with citation rate of the medical literature. PLoS ONE, 2(5), pp.1–5.
  8. Long, J.S., 1992. Measures of sex differences in scientific productivity. Social Forces, 71(1), pp.159–178.
  9. Ovseiko, P. V. et al., 2016. A global call for action to include gender in research impact assessment. Health Research Policy and Systems 2016 14:1, 14(1), pp.156–65. Available at:
  10. Priem, J., Piwowar, H. a & Hemminger, B.M., 2012. Altmetrics in the wild: Using social media to explore scholarly impact. arXiv12034745v1 csDL 20 Mar 2012, 1203.4745, pp.1–23. Available at:\n
  11. Smart, J.C. & Bayer, a. E., 1986. Author collaboration and impact: A note on citation rates of single and multiple authored articles. Scientometrics, 10(5-6), pp.297–305.
  12. Symonds, M.R.E. et al., 2006. Gender differences in publication output: Towards an unbiased metric of research performance. PLoS ONE, 1(1), pp.1–5.
  13. Thelwall, M. et al., 2013. Do Altmetrics Work? Twitter and Ten Other Social Web Services. PLoS ONE, 8(5), pp.1–7.
  14. Petersohn, S. (2016). Professional competencies and jurisdictional claims in evaluative bibliometrics: the educational mandate of academic librarians, Education for Information, 32, 165-193
  15. Do females create higher impact research? Scopus citations and Mendeley readers for articles from five countries. Thelwall, et al., 2018.
  16. Gender differences in research areas and topics: An analysis of publications in 285 fields. Thelwall, et al., 2018.


  1. Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE). (2015). The Metric Tide: Report of the Independent Review of the Role of Metrics in Research Assessment and Management. Retrieved from,2014/Content/Pubs/Independentresearch/2015/The,Metric,Tide/2015_metric_tide.pdf
    • Published in July 2015, The Metric Tide is the seminal report which has informed much of the knowledge, understanding and subsequent development of bibliometrics and alt-metrics.
    • The Supplementary Report to the Metric Tide Provides a detailed analysis of the correlation between Research Excellence Framework (REF) results and metrics.
  2. Primary Research Group. (2016). International Benchmarks for Academic Library Use of Bibliometrics and Altmetrics, 2016-17.
    • Provides detailed information on staffing, budgets, marketing, sources of demand and technology in bibliometric and altmetric service development including data on tools such as Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scimago and Plum Analytics.
  3. Gender Report

Research Projects

Cox, A., & Petersohn, S. (2016). Development of a set of bibliometric competencies. University of Sheffield & Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften: Elsevier Research Intelligence Division. Retrieved from

  • Sponsored by a small research grant from Elsevier Research Intelligence Division, this project aims to develop a set of the competency statements to ensure that bibliometric practitioners are equipped to do their work responsibly and well. The project is due to report in early 2017.


  • Delasalle, J. (2016). Librarian quick reference cards for research impact metrics. Retrieved from
    • A poster and set of cards presenting definitions of a range of metric.


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Disclaimer: This web page was originally kindly developed by Maria J Grant, Centre for Applied Research in Health, Welfare and Policy, University of Salford.

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