Resource Hub

This page provides a starting point for anyone wanting to familiarise themselves with bibliometrics, from what bibiometrics are and where they came from to how bibliometrics are being used in practice and the library and information science roles and competencies evolving as a consequence.

Statements of responsible metrics



Cronin, B. & Sugimoto, C. (Eds). (2014) Beyond Bibliometrics : Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact. Massaschussets, MIT Press.

  • This book describes recent theoretical and practical advances in metrics-based research, examining a variety of alternative metrics—or “altmetrics”—while also considering the ethical and cultural consequences of relying on metrics to assess the quality of scholarship.

Ochsner, M., Hug, S. E., & Daniel, H. D. (2016). Research assessment in the humanities: towards criteria and procedures. Retrieved from

  • Open access book which analyses and discusses the recent developments for assessing research quality in the humanities and related fields in the social sciences.

Tattersall, A. (2016). Altmetrics: a practical guide for librarians, researchers and academics. London: Facet Publishing.

  • «An overview of altmetrics, its tools and how to implement them successfully to boost and measure research outputs.»


Conference Series

Metadata and Semantics Research Conference. Retrieved from

  • An annual conference series bringing together scholars and practitioners with common interest in the interdisciplinary fields of metadata, data and semantics.


Discussion Lists


ARMA Metrics Special Interest Group

  • – only accessible to members of the Association of Research Managers and Administrators. Restrieved from The Metrics Special Interest Group (SIG) is for all those interested in how we can meaningfully measure research activities and outcomes.  That might include how we monitor compliance with the open access and research data requirements of funders, how we measure research income and PGR student activity, how we provide evidence of ‘impact’, and how we can sensibly analyse publication and citation data.


Journal Articles

Costas, R., Zahedi, Z. & Wouters, P., 2013. Do altmetrics correlate with citations? Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology , 2014, pp.1–30.

Erikson, M.G. & Erlandson, P., 2014. A taxonomy of motives to cite. Social Studies of Science, 44, pp.625–637. Available at:

Gunashekar, S. et al., 2004. Bilbliometric analysis of highly cited publications of biomedical and health research in England, 2004-2013.

Hill, S., 2015. Dimensions of quality research. Available at:

Jump, P., 2015. The weight of numbers. Times HIgher Education, 9 July.

Kulkarni, A. V., Busse, J.W. & Shams, I., 2007. Characteristics associated with citation rate of the medical literature. PLoS ONE, 2(5), pp.1–5.

Long, J.S., 1992. Measures of sex differences in scientific productivity. Social Forces, 71(1), pp.159–178.

Ovseiko, P. V. et al., 2016. A global call for action to include gender in research impact assessment. Health Research Policy and Systems 2016 14:1, 14(1), pp.156–65. Available at:

Priem, J., Piwowar, H. a & Hemminger, B.M., 2012. Altmetrics in the wild: Using social media to explore scholarly impact. arXiv12034745v1 csDL 20 Mar 2012, 1203.4745, pp.1–23. Available at:\n

Smart, J.C. & Bayer, a. E., 1986. Author collaboration and impact: A note on citation rates of single and multiple authored articles. Scientometrics, 10(5-6), pp.297–305.

Symonds, M.R.E. et al., 2006. Gender differences in publication output: Towards an unbiased metric of research performance. PLoS ONE, 1(1), pp.1–5.

Thelwall, M. et al., 2013. Do Altmetrics Work? Twitter and Ten Other Social Web Services. PLoS ONE, 8(5), pp.1–7.

Petersohn, S. (2016). Professional competencies and jurisdictional claims in evaluative bibliometrics: the educational mandate of academic librarians, Education for Information, 32, 165-193


Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE). (2015). The Metric Tide: Report of the Independent Review of the Role of Metrics in Research Assessment and Management. Retrieved from,2014/Content/Pubs/Independentresearch/2015/The,Metric,Tide/2015_metric_tide.pdf

  • Published in July 2015, The Metric Tide is the seminal report which has informed much of the knowledge, understanding and subsequent development of bibliometrics and alt-metrics.

Primary Research Group. (2016). International Benchmarks for Academic Library Use of Bibliometrics and Altmetrics, 2016-17.

  • Provides detailed information on staffing, budgets, marketing, sources of demand and technology in bibliometric and altmetric service development including data on tools such as Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scimago and Plum Analytics.


Research Projects

Cox, A., & Petersohn, S. (2016). Development of a set of bibliometric competencies. University of Sheffield & Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften: Elsevier Research Intelligence Division. Retrieved from

  • Sponsored by a small research grant from Elsevier Research Intelligence Division, this project aims to develop a set of the competency statements to ensure that bibliometric practitioners are equipped to do their work responsibly and well. The project is due to report in early 2017.



  • Delasalle, J. (2016). Librarian quick reference cards for research impact metrics. Retrieved from
    • A poster and set of cards presenting definitions of a range of metric.


Disclaimer: This web page was originally kindly developed by Maria J Grant, Centre for Applied Research in Health, Welfare and Policy, University of Salford.

Please feel free to suggest other items for this resource list via